Unit One: The Indian Religious Background and the Emergence of Buddhism

When Buddhism arose in India, there were plenty of religious and philosophical view points belonging to two main religious movements, which were known as Brahmanical (also Brahamanical, Bramanical) movement and Śramanic movement. Both these religious movements, which came through a long history, were equally popular among the people in India during the 6th century B.C., when Buddhism came into existence. Therefore, these two religious traditions provide the religious background from which Buddhism emerged.