Unit Five: Main Teachings of the Buddha (Part II)

Buddhism advocates man’s freedom from suffering through the realization of the things as they really are. Cause of suffering is the attachment. Therefore, it is logical to think that freedom from suffering comes through detachment. Detachment is possible only when one sees things as they really are. According to Buddhism, the idea of soul is the main obstruction of man, which prevent himself from seeing the things as they really are. Therefore, Buddhism has paid much attention on the conception of soul, which obstructs man’s freedom from suffering.

There are two concepts of soul, which were subjected to criticism of Buddhism.